Indonesia


The name Indonesia has its roots in two Greek words : “Indos” meaning Indian and “Nesos” which means islands. It’s appropriate description of  the archipelago as there are estimated to be total of 17,508 islands, of which only about 6,000 are inhabitedstreching for 5,150 km between Australian & Asian continental mainlands & dividing the Pacific & Indian Oceans at the Equator.

Five main islands & 30 smaller archipelagoes are home to the majority of the population. The main islands are Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Papua & last but not least Java, home to 70 % of the country’s population.

Indonesia shares Papua with Papua New Guinea & two thirds of the island of Kalimantan with Malaysia & Borneo.

As democratic republic, Indonesia is divided into 33 provinces & special territories & classified geographically into 4 groups. 

1st   —  are
the Greater Sundas, made up of the larger islands of  Sumatra, Java, 
 Kalimantan & Sulawesi;

2nd  — are
the Lesser Sundas, consisting of smaller islands from Bali eastward to Timor;

3rd   — is
Maluku which includes all the islands between Papua & Sulawesi;

4th   — is
Papua in the extreme eastern part of the country.

Religions
in Indonesia to consists of

Buddhism, 

Hinduism,

Catholic,

gereja protestanProtestant and

Muslim.

The majority (about 85%) of the population follows Muslim. Freedom of religion is implemented by the Indonesian Constitution, however, which is defined in the 1st Principle of the State Philosophy “Pancasila”, which upholds a “Belief in One Supreme God”.

About the language, my country have 583 languages & dialects spoken in the archipelago.
There normally belong to the different ethnic groups of the population. Some of the distincly different local languages are :
Acehnese, Bataknese, Sundanese, Javanese, Sasak, Tetum of Timor, Dayak, Minahasa, Toraja, Buginese, Halmahera, Ambonese, Ceramese, & several Papuanese languages.

To make the picture even more colorful, these languages are also spoken in different dialects. Bahasa Indonesia is the national language which is akin to Malay, writen in Roman script & based on Europeanorthography.

(This information derived from : The Book of Travel Planner, 1996)

 

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